STD or LTD notification core information - Schedule Part B

This part of the schedule specifies the core set of information (including chemical identity, use and exposure details, and physico-chemical properties) that you must submit as part of your Standard or Limited notification application.

Identity the chemical

You must provide a complete and unambiguous identification of the chemical by addressing the requirements set out below.

For chemicals with a Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) number or name, provide a CAS printout.

In the case of a synthetic polymer, provide the information listed under the relevant paragraphs below, for the constituent monomer/s.

Chemical name

You must provide the chemical name that will be used in the chemical inventory, AICS—that is, the Chemical Abstracts CA Preferred Index name. If this is not available, provide the International Union for Pure and Applied Chemistry name.

For substances that are not pure chemicals (that is, chemicals of unknown or variable composition, a complex product of a chemical reaction, or a biological material), describe the chemical name as completely as possible.

Examples of chemicals of unknown or variable composition are fatty acids and cottonseed oil. An example of a complex product of a chemical reaction is polyethoxylated C12-20 alcohols. Typical biological materials are geranium oil and proteinase. For biopolymers, you must indicate the biological source.

The chemical name will be used as the published name on the assessment and public reports and in the Chemical Gazette unless it has been requested and granted as exempt information.

The best way to avoid chemical identity issues delaying your application is to provide the following information about the chemical's identity in this order of preference:

  1. the Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) name and number, or
  2. a copy of the CAS report from the CAS Inventory Expert Service if only a CAS name is available (that is, CAS has not yet assigned a CAS number), or
  3. the IUPAC (International Union for Pure and Applied Chemistry) name if the CAS name is not available, or
  4. where the notified chemical is not a 'pure chemical', as complete a description of the chemical as is practicable.

Other names

You must provide common names by which the chemical is known or identified in the scientific or technical literature (for example, 2-propanone is commonly known as acetone).

Marketing name of chemical

You must provide the names under which the chemical has been, or will be, marketed, including trade names. Specify whether these names will be used for marketing purposes in Australia.

If you apply for the chemical name to be kept confidential, NICNAS will use the marketing name as the published name on the certificate and in the Chemical Gazette.

If the chemical will only be imported as a part of a mixture with another name, we can use the name of that mixture in the published name for the assessment report—for example, if the mixture is marketed as Blend X, the published name for assessment report could be 'Chemical in Blend X'.

If there are several marketing names, indicate which name you prefer to be used as the published name. The published name used on the assessment report does not have to be the name on the Safety Data Sheet (SDS) or label for the pure chemical. The most important consideration is to select a name to be used in the assessment report that reflects what the chemical is known as to the public or to workers exposed to the chemical.

CAS number

You must provide the CAS number for the chemical. This is a unique number assigned to it by the CAS and can be obtained by contacting CAS.

If a CAS number has not been allocated, you must state when you will apply for one.

Molecular and structural formulae

You must provide a molecular formula that gives the identity and number of atoms of each element in the molecule (for example, C6H6 for benzene, H2SO4 for sulphuric acid). When providing the molecular formula for synthetic polymers made using two or more monomers list the monomers in order from the highest carbon number to the lowest. Example:

(C8H6O4.C5H12O2.C4H2O3.C3H8O2)x for 1,3-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, polymer with 2,2-dimethyl-1,3-propanediol, 2,5-furandione and 1,2-propanediol.

Provide a structural formula indicating the location of atoms, ions or groups and the nature of bonds joining them.

For polymers, depict the probable bonds between monomers in the structural formula.

Molecular weight

You must provide the gram-molecular weight of the chemical. For polymers, provide both the number-average molecular weight and the weight average molecular weight (more information is in F4 Schedule, Part D).

Spectral data

You must provide copies of spectra  to confirm the structural formula (for example, from infra-red spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, mass spectroscopy and ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometry). Indicate principal wavelengths and/or other significant data. Provide analytical details, such as the solvent used or the infrared matrix used (for example, nujol mull or potassium bromide disk).

For biological materials, accurately identify the source material and provide documentation for NICNAS verification.

Composition of the chemical

Purity

You must provide the degree of purity of the chemical (as a weight percentage). For chemicals containing water, give this percentage for the dried substance, unless water is an integral part of its composition.

Toxic or hazardous impurities

You must provide the identity and the weight percentage of all known (or reasonably anticipated) impurities (including isomers and by-products) of a hazardous or toxic nature, with details of their toxic and hazardous properties.

Provide names of impurities classified as dangerous goods and substances listed on the Poisons Schedule (see the website of the Therapeutic Goods Administration).

Indicate the risk phrases for impurities classified as hazardous substances in the Safe Work Australia Approved Criteria, or GHS.

Where possible, identify all impurities by their CAS number and Chemical Abstracts Preferred Name Index name. If this is not available, provide the International Union for Pure and Applied Chemistry name or common chemical name.

Non-hazardous impurities

You must provide the identity and weight percentage for all non-hazardous impurities present at 1% by weight or more.

Additives/adjuvants

You must provide the maximum weight percentage of all additives and adjuvants incorporated into the main chemical substance.

Include additive and adjuvant substances such as stabilisers, inhibitors and modifiers.

Identify all additives and adjuvants by their CAS number, Chemical Abstracts Preferred Name Index name, common name and name under which the chemical is marketed.

Information on use

You must provide all proposed uses of the chemical (for example, solvent, dyestuff, adhesive, plasticiser or detergent). For each use, indicate the approximate percentage of the total amount manufactured in or imported into Australia.

Identify the industry in which the chemical is to be used (for example, paper and pulp).

Describe the fields of use and methods of application (for example, a spray-on paint stripper in the painting industry).

Provide, for all forms of the notified chemical—including final end-use products—the concentration of notified chemical in the mixture or product. This information is critical for the risk assessment. Be as complete as possible with the information you provide, to enable proper assessment of the chemical by NICNAS.

Physical state and appearance

You must describe the physical state and appearance of the chemical at 20°C and 101.3 kPa (ambient conditions)—for example, brown viscous-liquid or grey powder.

Provide the odour and odour threshold of the substance if it is available. For example, toluene is a liquid of low volatility with a characteristic aromatic odour, and an odour threshold at approximately 10 ppm v/v.

Estimated manufacture or import volume

You must specify if the chemical is to be manufactured in Australia, imported or both, and the amount in tonnes per year.

Provide the amount of the chemical being introduced for each of the first five years either as a maximum value or as a range (for example 1-10, 10-100,  100-1000, or over 1000 tonnes). Estimate quantities of the specific chemical, not of the product or formulation it is contained in.

Occupational health and safety

Occupational exposure data

You must include a comprehensive description of occupational exposure factors so NICNAS can adequately assess risk on occupational health and safety. If you do not use the chemical, source the relevant information from the downstream users.

For new chemicals that have been in use overseas, submit relevant occupational exposure information (for example, monitoring data for a similar use), if available from overseas sources.

Submit the following information at a minimum and include other relevant information relating to occupational exposure.

1. Category of workers

You must describe the category of workers likely to be exposed to the chemical or any product containing the chemical. Examples are workers employed in maintenance tasks involving equipment using chemicals, or those employed in packaging and storing the chemical.

Include all workers involved from the manufacturing process or importation onwards, and those involved in storing, handling, transporting and disposing of the chemical. Include workers using the final products (for example, beauticians and hairdressers for cosmetic products and farmers for fertiliser products).

2. Nature of work

You need to indicate the nature of the work carried out, or  to be carried out, for each category (type) of worker exposed to the chemical.

For each category, briefly describe the:

a)     nature of work carried out with the chemical (i.e. the operation description)

b)     maximum duration of exposure (hours per day and days per year)

c)     frequency of exposure

d)     activities requiring protective clothing and equipment, indicating the physical form/s of the chemical during exposure (for example, hot liquid or fine powder).

3. Safety procedures to be observed when handling the chemical

You must provide information on methods and procedures to minimise or prevent worker exposure. Principles and procedures for the effective control of chemicals in the workplace are in the Safe Work Australia National Model Code of Practice for Managing Risks of Hazardous Chemicals in the Workplace.

You can prevent worker exposure to a particular chemical by applying this hierarchy of controls:

a)     isolating the process or operation

b)     implementing engineering solutions, including local exhaust ventilation for vapours, gases or particulates

c)     adopting safe work practices, including changes to work methods

d)     providing and using suitable approved personal protective equipment where other measures are not effective.

Provide an example of the isolation procedures and engineering controls used, or to be used, in minimising worker exposure to the chemical. This may include:

a)     isolation of a hazardous operation by the use of sealed reformulation apparatus

b)     modifications to the working environment, for example, ventilation or fume extraction

c)     enclosure, for example, spray painting within booths

d)     preventive maintenance schedules designed to maintain plant, equipment and extraction systems to a high standard.

Describe the safe work practices to be observed by workers in handling the chemical, including:

a)     precautions during routine handling

b)     precautions during storage and transport

c)     precautions in handling spills

d)     practices with good housekeeping

e)     introduction of procedures to reduce duration and frequency of exposure for employees.

Specify the protective clothing and equipment required for routine and non-routine tasks, including the type of:

a)     respiratory equipment, in accordance with Australian Standards AS 1716 Respiratory Protective Devices and AS 1715 Selection, Use and Maintenance of Respiratory Protective Devices or equivalent internationally acceptable standards

b)     protective clothing (for example, gloves, eye protection and/or footwear). Be specific (for example, flame-proof cotton overalls). The general description of 'impervious gloves', for example, is not sufficient, but the more precise 'nitrile gloves' is. Consult the relevant Australian Standards (or equivalent). Examples: AS 2161.2—Occupational Protective Gloves Part 2: General Requirements; AS 1336—Eye Protection in the Industrial Environment; and AS 3765.1—Clothing for Protection against Hazardous Chemicals Part 1: Protection against General or Specific Chemicals.

Australian and international standards are updated from time to time, so check that you have consulted the most recent versions of each standard.

4. Training

You must briefly describe the core training conducted for employees to become proficient in safe working practices and include details about the training required to introduce the new chemical into the workplace.

Include this information:

a)     instructions on health and safety hazards of the chemical, including routes of entry into the body

b)     instructions on the correct use of all protective equipment required during handling of the chemical

c)     instructions on the correct use of relevant equipment

d)     instructions for emergency situations

e)     information on labelling of the chemical

f)     availability of the (M)SDS.

Indicate both duration and frequency of training.

5. Prevalence of work-related injuries and diseases related to workers exposed to the chemical

You must detail, for chemicals already in use overseas, any known effect on the occupational health and safety of workers exposed to the chemical before they are introduced to Australia.

Describe the type, frequency and severity of all work-related injuries and diseases resulting from worker exposure. Examples are incidences of health effects or disease and total work time lost.

Where possible, detail the duration, frequency and levels of exposure of workers. Where effects in workers have been seen, mention mitigating factors, such as concomitant exposure to other chemicals, that could have caused the observed effects as well as other relevant factors.

Fully describe adverse health effects experienced by workers exposed to the chemical, as required by Paragraph 6(b), Part B of the schedule, Health Conditions.

6. Other occupational hazards

You must provide any other information on occupational hazards that may occur during the complete life-cycle of the chemical within Australia that are not referred to in sections 1-4 (above).

Include, in particular, information on conditions that could increase the hazard of the chemical. This includes such items as:

a)     adverse working conditions (for example, heat or cold)

b)     work in confined spaces

c)     potential exposure to other hazardous substances

d)     possibility of reaction (for example, with other substances or with water)

e)     any other interaction (for example, interaction of chemicals and heat).

Health conditions

You must submit information with respect to health conditions, even though these are usually only available for chemicals already in use in another country. Include a list of health conditions reported or known, such as health conditions indicating that the chemical should not be used in circumstances where exposure is too great.

Submit  information on all health conditions, such as asthma, broken skin, dermatitis, or therapeutic or recreational drug use.

Report evidence of specific health conditions associated with the chemical that might suggest it must not be used without special precautions (for example, exposure may cause severe dermatitis).

List health conditions that could reasonably be expected to occur (for example, by analogy with structurally similar chemicals, or analogues).

Mention health conditions aggravated by the chemical (for example, exposure to the chemical may increase the incidence of asthma in susceptible workers).

Occupational health monitoring

You must include details of both atmospheric and biological monitoring procedures to be used to measure worker exposure to the chemical. For chemicals already in use, you can obtain the methodology for the monitoring procedures from international sources. For new chemicals, a methodology may be developed by considering existing methodology for structurally similar existing chemicals.

Justify reasoning when no monitoring procedures are proposed, in terms of health and safety hazards and extent of worker exposure.

Provide information on existing or proposed exposure limits and known methods of atmospheric or biological monitoring of the chemical.

1. Atmospheric monitoring

Include information on the type/s of atmospheric monitoring proposed, such as:

a)     personal monitoring, where the time-weighted average concentration of actual worker exposure to the chemical is indicated

b)     automatic continuous monitoring, where peak-level concentrations and time-weighted average concentrations of the chemical in the work areas are indicated

c)     fixed-point monitoring, where time-weighted average concentrations of the chemical over a set period, for example, an eight-hour shift, are indicated for a fixed location in the work area

d)     grab sampling, where instantaneous concentrations of the chemical are indicated.

Detail sampling techniques and sampling equipment (for example, passive monitor badges may be used for personal monitoring).

Briefly describe the analytical method/s used, including the principal technique (for example, gas chromatographic or gravimetric analysis).

Detail the type of instrumentation used.

2. Biological monitoring

Biological monitoring involves the quantitative measurement of the chemical or its metabolite in the appropriate body tissue, fluid or excretion product (for example, in blood, urine or expired air).

You must provide information on the test/s to be used, the program of activities, the relevant collection procedures and the analytical methods and instrumentation.

Observations on human exposure

Provide information held, or reasonably obtainable, on studies or observations of the effects of the chemical on humans, in particular, observations of health problems or adverse symptoms in humans exposed to the chemical. This may include information on specific incidents, such as acute exposure resulting from an accidental spillage.

Provide information on any epidemiological studies on workers who have been exposed to the chemical and, where possible, their health conditions (either positive or negative) relating to exposure levels.

Environmental impact

You must provide an assessment of the environmental impact of the chemical, including this information in your notification statement:

  • manufacturing process
  • release to the environment for each use, including that from manufacturing, reformulating, repackaging and end use
  • storage and transport
  • disposal.

If you do not use the chemical, seek information on the environmental impact from the user/s.

Manufacturing process

You are not required to provide information on the manufacturing process for chemicals manufactured outside Australia. However, you must provide information on the formulation process for imported chemicals if they are reformulated or repackaged in Australia (for example, into products for industrial or domestic use).

This includes the:

1. Identity of the site/s where the chemical will be manufactured or reformulated

Provide details of the location/s of each industrial site (manufacturing, processing or any other operation) you control and details of sites where repacking and/or reformulating the chemical is carried out.

2. Process description

Describe the process for each operation you control, including:

a)     a diagram of the major unit operation steps and chemical conversions

b)     the identity and entry points of all feed-stocks, including reactants, solvents and catalysts

c)     the location of the points of release of the chemical to the environment.

3. Details of the release of chemicals at each site

Include these details for each release point:

a)     an estimate of the amount and concentration of chemical released directly to the environment or into control technology (in kg/day)

b)     the media to which the chemical is released (air, soil or water)

c)     a description of any control technology used to limit release

d)     the destination/s of releases to water, (for example, sewage treatment plant).

Release to the environment for each use

You must include, for each specific use or application identified, information on:

  • estimated number of sites for each use
  • broad process descriptions
  • descriptions of situations in which environmental release of the chemical may occur. These could include through equipment cleaning. Other examples could be:
    • to ambient air (for example, through smoke stack emissions, car exhaust fumes, incineration gases, aerosols and fugitive refrigerant gases)
    • in water (for example, natural waterways or ground water, including release to waste water treatment facilities)
    • to surrounding land (for example, through over-spray of paints, general wear and tear and deposition).
    • Provide the quantity, concentration and media of release for each situation.

Transport and storage

You must define the safe storage requirements (for example, location, temperature or incompatibility) for the chemical and its classification under the Australian Code for the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road and Rail.

Describe all intended:

  • storage facilities, including size, type and capacity of containers and potential for environmental exposure
  • transport between storage facilities, including quantity to be transported, mode of transport and potential for environmental exposure.

Include technical details on storage and transport of the chemical in the (M)SDS.

Disposal

You must fully describe all disposal procedures, including for all contaminated packaging, by providing:

  • route of disposal (for example, landfill or incineration)
  • quantities to be disposed of by each route, including residues in contaminated packaging (where applicable and not already addressed in your responses under sections above
  • identity any hazards of degradation products resulting from disposal.

State how disposal is in accordance with government regulation.

Public health

Public exposure may occur by:

  • exposure during industrial use as the result of contamination of air, water, soil or food
  • exposure as the result of an industrial accident
  • exposure by domestic use of the chemical.

Describe potential public exposure to the notified chemical, based on the proposed uses of the notified chemical, the physical and chemical properties, the site of manufacture or reformulation in Australia and the release of the chemical into the environment at that site, the quantity, concentration and frequency of release of the notified chemical for each use of the chemical, the conditions of safe storage, the disposal procedures, and the consequences of accidental spillage.

Where it is possible (such as for cosmetics applied to the skin), quantify the exposure in terms of number of applications per day and amount used per application.

Physico-chemical data

You need to submit valid reproducible physico-chemical data and can do so following the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development's (OECD) Guidelines for the Testing of Chemicals.

Note: To assist, the numbers in brackets after each test detailed throughout the rest of this section are the OECD guideline method numbers (for example, TG 102 refers to Test Guideline number 102). Links to each are also provided.

Melting point or boiling point (TG 102, TG 103 or equivalent)

You need to provide the melting point or boiling point. However, for non-pure chemicals a temperature range may be more appropriate. For some chemicals the freezing point is more appropriate than the melting point.

Specific gravity or density (TG 109 or equivalent)

You need to provide the gravity or density (in kg/m3) for all chemicals and for:

  • gases the specific gravity (air = 1), to help indicate the tendency of the chemical to settle or disperse when discharged at high concentrations into the atmosphere
  • liquids both the liquid and vapour densities.

Vapour pressure (TG 104 or equivalent)

You must provide the:

  • vapour pressure of the chemical, expressed as kilopascals (kPa) at 25°C
  • effect on the measurement by impurities.

Vapour pressure is important for estimating the chemical's potential for inhalation exposure and for determining the application route/s for toxicity testing. It is environmentally relevant because it helps estimate the chemical's distribution between the environmental compartments (the phase transitions between soil and air, soil and water, and [with water solubility] water and air). It can also help predict atmospheric concentrations.

Water solubility (TG 105 or equivalent, TG 120 for polymers)

You must provide the saturation mass concentration of the chemical in water (in g/L at 20°C) and indicate the method of measurement. If the substance is insoluble in water, indicate the detection limit of the analytical method used and any water accommodated fraction of the chemical determined.

Water solubility is significant environmentally because:

  • it largely determines the mobility of the chemical within and between air, soil and water compartments
  • it can be important in determining appropriate emergency services responses
  • water-soluble chemicals gain ready access to humans and other living organisms
  • it significantly effects potential for bio-accumulation.

Hydrolysis as a function of pH (TG 111 or equivalent)

You need to provide this parameter only for water-soluble chemicals (water solubility >10-6 g/L). The degree of hydrolysis at 25°C is required at pH values normally found in the environment (pH 4–9) and under more acidic conditions (pH 1–2) for physiological purposes. Hydrolysis is one of the main modes of abiotic degradation of substances in the environment.

Partition coefficient (n-octanol/water) (TG 107 or equivalent, TG 117)

You need to provide this parameter only for (pure) water-soluble chemicals that do not dissociate or associate and that are not surface-active. It is expressed as log Pow, at 20°C.

The partition coefficient of a substance between water and a lipophilic solvent (n-octanol) can indicate its potential for skin absorption or can be used to estimate the chemical's bio-accumulation potential in aquatic organisms.

Adsorption and desorption (TG 106 or equivalent)

You must provide information on adsorption and desorption, with results expressed in terms of the adsorption and desorption of the chemical in and from standard soils under standard test conditions.

These data are necessary for evaluating the tendency of chemicals to migrate into the air, water and soil or sediment compartments of the environment. Adsorption and desorption processes also have an effect on the transport of chemicals and on their bio-availability.

Dissociation constant (TG 112 or equivalent)

You must provide the dissociation constant (in pKa) for all chemicals that dissociate in water and the method of determination.

The extent of dissociation of a chemical in water governs the forms it will take in the aquatic environment. Knowledge of the dissociation constant, together with the pH of the systems in which a chemical is likely to be found, makes it possible to estimate the extent to which dissociated and undissociated forms will be present.

Particle size (distribution) or fibre length (TG 110 or equivalent)

You must provide the particle size or fibre length (for solids only). This is one factor influencing the distribution and mass transport of insoluble and non-volatile particles in water, air and, in some cases, the upper soil layer. Furthermore, the tendency of a chemical to settle and penetrate biological tissue (for example, inhalation characteristics) depends on particle size.

1. Particle size

You must provide both the mean particle size and particle size range of the substance. In particular, indicate the inhalable fraction (<100 mm) and the respirable fraction (<10 mm).

2. Fibre length

For fibrous substances, you must provide the fibre length and length range.

Flashpoint – open cup / closed cup

You must provide the flash point (in °C) of the chemical, along with the method of determination (open or closed cup method).

Flammability limits (%) (explosive limits)

You must include the degree of chemical flammability:

  • pyrophoric
  • highly flammable
  • flammable
  • combustible
  • not flammable.

For gases and vapours, you must provide the upper and lower percentage limits of flammability in air. These limits indicate the percentage concentrations of flammable vapour in air at which a flame can be propagated or an explosion will occur.

For solids, you must provide information on the ability of the chemical to propagate combustion.

Do not overlook the distinction between flammable and combustible. For example, sodium chloride, carbon tetrachloride and carbon dioxide are non-combustible and non-flammable, but sugar, cellulose and ammonia are combustible and non-flammable.

Provide details on the nature and identity of toxic and hazardous combustion products.

Auto-ignition temperature

You must provide the minimum temperature (in °C) for auto-ignition. This is the temperature required to initiate or cause self-sustained combustion in any substance in the absence of a high-temperature ignition source, such as a spark or flame.

Explosive properties

You must provide information on the chemical's potential to detonate as a result of heat, shock or friction.

Provide details on the nature and identity of hazardous explosion products.

Reactivity

You must provide information about the stability and reactivity of the chemical.

1. Oxidising properties

You must provide information on the oxidising properties of the chemical.

For the majority of substances, oxidising properties are not a concern and testing can be waived based on a consideration of the structure. The table below shows a non-exhaustive list of chemical classes associated with oxidising properties.

Chemical classes associated with oxidising properties*

Chemical class

Formula

Nitrates (salts or esters)

NO3-M+

O2N-O-R

Nitrites (salts or esters)

NO2-M+

ON-O-R

Fluorodinitro

(NO2)2-C-(F)-

Metal oxides

MOn

Metal oxometallates

M+MOn-

Metal oxometallates

M+MOn-

N – Halogen compounds

N-X

N – Haloimides

-C(O)-NX-C(O)-

Difluoroamino

- NF2

Difluoroaminopolynitroaryl

(NO2)n-Ar-NF2

Organic nitro compounds

 

Nitroalkyl

NO2-R

Nitroaryl

NO2-Ar

Oxohalogen compounds

 

Acyl hypohalites

R C(O)-OX

Hypofluorites

FO-

Bis(fluoroxy)perhaloalkanes

F3CCI(OF)2 etc

Perchlorates

ClO4-

Chlorates

ClO3-

Chlorites

ClO2-

Hypochlorites

ClO-

Perbromates

BrO4-

Bromates

BrO3-

Bromites

BrO2-

Hypobromites

BrO-

Periodates

IO4-

Iodates

IO3-

Difluoroperchloryl salts

F2ClO2+Z-

Dioxygenyl polyfluoro salts

O2+ [MFn]- or O2+ [EFn]-

Interhalogen compounds

 

Metal polyhalohalogenates

M+ [XX'n]-

* Adapted from Bretherick's Handbook of Chemical Reactive Hazards

For organic substances (with the exception of peroxides) testing does not need to be carried out for substances if:

  • the substance does not contain oxygen, fluorine or chlorine; or
  • the substance contains oxygen, fluorine or chlorine and these elements are chemically bonded only to carbon

Inorganic substances that do not contain oxygen or halogens do not need to be tested.

For solids, testing should not be performed on explosive or highly flammable substances. Organic peroxides form a separate class of substances that are always oxidising.

If the screening procedure identifies the material as having potential oxidising properties, or there is any doubt, then, in the interests of safety, testing should be carried out.

2. Conditions causing instability

You must provide the particulars of conditions that could cause the chemical to react or decompose during its proposed use and life-cycle within Australia.

Report if the chemical is not stable in air under normal atmospheric conditions and other information such as the oxidising properties of the chemical and its incompatibility with other substances.

3. Decomposition products

You must report information on expected decomposition or reaction products from the chemical, including information on the hazardous properties of these products.

Data provided for physical and chemical properties

For all physical and chemical property data, you must specify:

  • grade and nature of the chemical tested, including its purity (if the chemical is in a mixture, note this for all data provided)
  • testing authority or organisation providing the data (where applicable)
  • physical conditions used for all test data (for example, temperature or pressure).

Ensure the standard of testing you use to obtain data conforms to OECD'sPrinciples of Good Laboratory Practice.

When it is not possible to provide physico-chemical data through testing of the chemical or a suitable analogue then you can provide estimates derived from Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship (QSAR) calculations.

NICNAS will only accept QSAR calculations for physio-chemical properties if information on the input parameters and calculation methods used are provided. This way, NICNAS can ensure the methods used and results obtained are valid.

Methods of detection and determination

You must provide a list of the analytical methods used to detect and determine (assay) the chemical. State bibliographical references where standard methods are used. Otherwise, describe the method/s used in a way that a competent analytical chemist could repeat the measurements without support.

Label

You must include, in your application statement, a copy of the proposed label/s for the notified chemical, and all products containing it, that will be introduced into Australia. This must comply with the Safe Work Australia National Model Code of Practice for Labelling of Workplace Hazardous Chemicals.

(Material) Safety Data Sheet

The (M)SDS provides information needed to allow the safe handling of the chemical or products containing it. The sheets are used by employers to ensure employees have ready access to information on substances used at work.

You must provide a copy of the proposed (M)SDS for the chemical—this is required for all chemicals notified under NICNAS, not just hazardous ones.

Submit (M)SDS for chemicals available commercially from yourself in other products, such as an ingredient in a polymer mixture.

Submit (M)SDS for chemicals that exist in more than one form in your workplace, such as an ingredient in a solvent mixture.

Ensure all (M)SDSs you submit comply with the Safe Work Australia National Code of Practice for the Preparation of Safety Data Sheets for Hazardous Chemicals and include an original copy of the (M)SDS so NICNAS can publish it with the full public report on the chemical.

Emergency procedures

You must include information on emergency procedures, such as the United Nations Number, proposed Dangerous Goods Class/es and the Hazchem Code. Determine this information using the classification in the Australian Code for the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road and Rail.

Occupational emergency procedures

You must fully describe the procedures used to render the chemical harmless in the workplace.

Include emergencies such as spillage or release of the chemical in the workplace, and personnel emergencies (for example, inhalation of leaking vapours by workers).

Environmental emergency procedures

You must fully describe the procedures used to render the chemical harmless outside the workplace, including those used for managing:

  • workplace emergencies affecting the public at large (for example, a gas release affecting nearby residents)
  • transport emergencies
  • emergencies at storage facilities outside the workplace.

Include this information:

  • recovery
  • containment
  • neutralisation
  • destruction(for example, incineration).

Last update 17 August 2017