New chemicals reported 2017-2018
Section 21 of the Industrial Chemicals (Notification and Assessment) Act 1989 (the Act) allows for the introduction of new chemicals into Australia provided the chemicals meet certain requirements stipulated in subsections 21(4) and 21(6) of the Act. New chemicals which satisfy the requirements of subsections 21(4) and 21(6) are exempt from the notification requirements of the legislation. A summary of the exemption categories and their criteria for use is provided in Table 1.
|Exemption description||Criteria for use|
|≤100 kg Cosmetic exemption|
|≤100 kg Non-cosmetic exemption|
|≤1% Non-hazardous cosmetic exemption|
|≤100 kg Research and development exemption|
Industrial chemical introducers are required to report to NICNAS every year on any chemical introduced under these exemption provisions (section 21AA). Reported information on these chemicals provided during 2017-18 has been collated and the following is a detailed summary of this information.
Number of chemicals introduced
A total of 10521 new chemicals were reported during 2017-18 as being introduced under the exemption provisions during the previous registration year. This includes 2621 chemicals reported as being introduced at up to 10 kg for which no chemical name or other details were provided. The distribution of all reported chemicals among the five exemption categories is shown in Figure 1.
Use of chemicals introduced
Cosmetic chemicals represent 79% of all chemicals reported under the exemption provisions with 14.8% of these cosmetic chemicals being introduced under the ≤1% non-hazardous cosmetic exemption category.
Of the chemicals for which full details were reported (identity and use category), Education, Research & Development, Printing, Surface Coatings & Domestic/Cleaning represent the most common non-cosmetic chemical use categories. These use categories account for 72% of all chemicals reported for non-cosmetic uses. The distribution of chemicals introduced under the non-cosmetic exemption provisions across various use categories is illustrated in Figure 2.
To reduce the burden on reporting introducers, the exact quantity of an introduced exempt chemical is not required. Introducers are however required to report a quantity range for each chemical (0-10 kg, >10-100 kg, >100 kg). The distribution of fully reported chemicals across these quantity ranges are provided in Table 2.
|Quantity description||Number of chemicals|
|Up to 10 kg||7027|
|>100 kg (Transshipment or up to 1% Cosmetic)||16|
89% of all reported chemicals were introduced at quantities of 10 kg or less. 27 chemicals (0.3%) were reported as exceeding the 100 kg threshold in either the ≤100 kg cosmetic or non-cosmetic exemption category. Instances of non-compliance associated with these chemicals have been managed as self-reported non-compliance.
Chemicals not previously reported
12.04% of reported chemicals were reported for the first time in 2017-18 based on chemicals for which a CAS number was provided.
A total of 239 organisations provided information on exempt category chemicals. A summary of the number of chemicals reported by these organisations is provided in Table 3.
|Number of chemicals introduced under exemptions||1 - 10||11 - 20||21 - 50||51 - 100||> 100|
|Number of organisations||129||33||41||20||16|
54% of reporting organisations reported ten or less chemicals being introduced under the exemption provisions. 7% of reporting organisations reported greater than 100 chemicals.
During the annual reporting year 1089 chemicals were reported by multiple introducers. A summary of the number of common chemicals introduced is provided in Table 4.
|Number of organisations||Number of common chemicals introduced|
Last update 4 September 2018