Excluded (non-industrial) use chemicals on AICS
In Stage 2 of the Inventory Multi-Tiered Assessment and Prioritisation (IMAP) Framework, we are screening the Australian Inventory of Chemical Substances (AICS) for chemicals that are used exclusively, or suspected of being used exclusively, in applications that are not “industrial” uses (that is, they only have 'excluded uses' under the Industrial Chemicals (Notification and Assessment) Act 1989). These include:
- veterinary, or
- food use.
See excluded uses
Chemicals used in these ways are not considered to be industrial chemicals (despite being listed on AICS), and so do not need Tier II IMAP assessment. This work will help to identify higher risk industrial chemicals that require assessment.
We use a range of sources to help decide which chemicals are likely to only have excluded uses (i.e. do not have an industrial use in Australia), including legislative sources, consultations with relevant Australian Government agencies, general information searches and public consultation on assessments. Please advise us if you are aware of any industrial uses of these chemicals in Australia.
Chemicals subject to the Therapeutic Goods Act and the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code Act
Excluded uses of chemicals include those uses subject to the Therapeutic Goods Act 1989 (TG Act) and the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code Act 1994. If a chemical has another use in addition to any excluded use(s), it is considered to be an industrial chemical for that use.
We have identified lists of excluded use chemicals [Excel 122 KB] on AICS that are also listed in schedules to the Poisons Standard (Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Medicines and Poisons - SUSMP) made under the TG Act in:
- Schedule 4 of the SUSMP (Prescription Only Medicine, or Prescription Animal Remedy) without specific use conditions or use exemptions
- Schedule 4 of the SUSMP with specific exemptions including entries in other schedules of the SUSMP which are highly restrictive and preclude industrial use
- Schedule 8 of the SUSMP (Controlled Drug)
- Schedule 9 of the SUSMP (Prohibited Substance).
View the Lists of Excluded Chemicals [Excel 122 KB]
The salts and derivatives of the chemicals listed in the above schedules are also included as excluded use chemicals (See Part 1 (2) (c) of the Poisons Standard).
Most of these chemicals have been published as Tier I IMAP assessments for human health and environment as part of Tranches 20 and 21.
View Tier I human health assessments
View Tier I environment assessments [Excel 100KB]
Chemicals in Schedules 4, 8 and 9
These Schedules include important restrictions on the supply of the chemicals. Schedules 4 and 8 are for medicines, while Schedule 9 is for prohibited substances.
They are described in the Poisons Standard as:
Prescription Only Medicine, or Prescription Animal Remedy – Substances, the use or supply of which should be by or on the order of persons permitted by State or Territory legislation to prescribe and should be available from a pharmacist on prescription.
Controlled Drug – Substances which should be available for use but require restriction of manufacture, supply, distribution, possession and use to reduce abuse, misuse and physical or psychological dependence.
Prohibited Substance – Substances which may be abused or misused, the manufacture, possession, sale or use of which should be prohibited by law except when required for medical or scientific research, or for analytical, teaching or training purposes with approval of Commonwealth and/or State or Territory Health Authorities.’
The Poisons Standard further states:
‘The SUSMP contains the decisions of the Secretary of the Department of Health or the Secretary's delegates regarding the classification of poisons into Schedules, as recommendations to Australian States and Territories. The scheduling classification sets the level of control on the availability of poisons. The scheduling of poisons is implemented through relevant State and Territory legislation.
'Poisons which are packed and sold solely for industrial, manufacturing, laboratory or dispensary use are exempt from all labelling requirements included in the SUSMP as they are covered by labelling requirements under applicable jurisdictional Work Health and Safety laws, as amended from time to time. Note, however that this exemption does not extend to controls on supply of these poisons.’
Chemicals listed on any of these schedules without qualifications are not available for supply for industrial purposes. They should not lawfully have an industrial use in Australia. Many of the chemicals listed on these schedules with qualifications have exclusions from the relevant schedule only under narrowly defined conditions that do not include industrial use. Therefore, they are not available for supply for industrial purposes. Please let us know if you are aware that any of these chemicals are being used in Australia for industrial purposes.
Probable 'Excluded Use' Chemicals
We believe that the chemicals in this category (Lists of Excluded Use Chemicals [Excel 122 KB]) do not have any known industrial uses (see below). Should you have any information regarding their use in any industrial settings, please contact us.
When AICS was initially compiled, all chemicals that were reported to be used in Australia (for industrial use or otherwise) were placed on the inventory (for example, therapeutic compounds listed on Schedules 4 and 8 of the Poisons Standard that have no industrial uses). Another large group of chemicals placed on AICS, which were used solely in non-industrial settings, were pesticide compounds (for example, dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and dieldrin). While the majority of these chemicals are not prohibited from industrial use, we presume they were listed on AICS as a result of their use as pesticides, and never had an industrial use.
NICNAS has consulted with the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) to identify chemicals which may be used or may have been used in pesticides and veterinary medicines but not used industrially. As there are no absolute restrictions that prevent the use of these chemicals industrially, there is a possibility that industrial uses may exist.
We will publish further lists of ‘excluded use chemicals’ during 2018. We will aim to identify and publish lists of therapeutic compounds that are used internationally but not approved for use in Australia. We will also aim to identify chemicals in less prescriptive schedules of the Poisons Standard (Schedules 2 and 3) that have no industrial uses in Australia but are listed on AICS.
Last update 30 October 2017