NICNAS assesses the risks of industrial chemicals to human health and the environment, and makes recommendations to other government agencies that regulate the use and disposal of chemicals.
These fact sheets are for a general audience and contain information about the risks of certain chemicals for industrial use in Australia, including recommendations for safe use.
Please note, our recommendations are not always implemented by chemical regulators. For the most up-to-date information about how a particular chemical is regulated in your State or Territory you will need to contact other government agencies. Read What we do for details about our regulatory partners.
The fact sheets are in alphabetical order by chemical or trade name. Click on a letter in the list or use the page links. A name that begins with a number can be found in 1,2,3...
Click on the chemical name to read the full fact sheet.
CAS number(s): 106-46-7
para-Dichlorobenzene (p-DCB) is mainly used as a deodoriser in domestic and public toilet facilities. It is also used as a domestic air freshener. It has some uses in the pharmaceutical industries.
CAS number(s): 32534-81-9 and 32536-52-0
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are 209 structurally related chemicals (congeners), which can be grouped on the basis of the number of bromine atoms in the molecule (between one and ten). Some PBDEs have been used as flame retardants (known as Polybrominated Flame Retardants—PBFRs). They increase the fire safety of plastics and other materials in homes, cars and offices.
PFASs and their derivatives are man-made chemicals and have been used in a wide range of industrial processes and consumer products, including in the manufacture of non-stick cookware (although not added to the finished cookware), specialised garments and textiles, Scotchgard™ and similar products (used to protect fabric, furniture, and carpets from stains), metal plating and in some types of fire-fighting (firefighting) foam.
Last update 29 July 2018