Fact sheets

NICNAS assesses the risks of industrial chemicals to human health and the environment, and makes recommendations to other government agencies that regulate the use and disposal of chemicals.

These fact sheets are for a general audience and contain information about the risks of certain chemicals for industrial use in Australia, including recommendations for safe use.

Please note, our recommendations are not always implemented by chemical regulators. For the most up-to-date information about how a particular chemical is regulated in your State or Territory you will need to contact other government agencies. Read What we do for details about our regulatory partners.

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Chemical/trade name: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

The fact sheets are in alphabetical order by chemical or trade name. Click on a letter in the list or use the page links. A name that begins with a number can be found in 1,2,3...

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Click on the chemical name to read the full fact sheet.


Decabromodiphenyl ether

CAS number(s): 1163-19-5; decabromodiphenyl ether

DecaBDE is used as a flame retardant in plastics and resins in a wide range or products and materials. As a flame retardant it prevents the ignition and spread of fire.


Di(methoxyethyl) phthalate (DMEP)

CAS number(s): 117-82-8

Di(methoxyethyl) phthalate (DMEP) is used as a plasticiser for toys, including inflatable water products, hoppers, and play and exercise balls.


Dibutyl phthalate (DBP)

CAS number(s): 84-74-2

Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) is a member of the group of chemicals commonly known as phthalates, used worldwide as solvents (to dissolve other substances) and plasticisers (to make other substances softer or more pliable).


Diethyl phthalate (DEP)

CAS number(s): 84-66-2

Diethyl phthalate (DEP) is used primarily asa solvent and/or vehicle for fragrance in perfumes, cosmetics, personal care products, and nail polishes; an alcohol denaturant (a substance that changes the nature of another substance) in toiletries, detergents and insecticides; and a plasticiser in plastic tools, automotive parts, toothbrushes, food packaging, medical tubing, soft plastic toys and child care articles.


Diethylene glycol in toothpaste

CAS number(s): 111-46-6

NICNAS investigated in 2007 the claim that some imported toothpastes have previously been found to contain diethylene glycol (DEG).


Diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP)

CAS number(s): 117-81-7

Diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) is mainly used worldwide as a plasticiser (plastic softener) for a range of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) industrial and consumer products.


Diisodecyl Phthalate (DIDP) and Di-n-octyl Phthalate (DnOP)

CAS number(s): DIDP: 68515-49-1, 26761-40-0; DnOP:117-84-0

Diisodecyl Phthalate (DIDP) and Di-n-octyl Phthalate (DnOP) are members of the group of chemicals commonly known as phthalates, used worldwide as solvents (to dissolve other substances) and plasticisers (to make other substances softer or more pliable).


Diisononyl phthalate (DINP)

CAS number(s): 68515-48-0 and 28553-12-0

Diisononyl phthalate (DINP) is a member of the group of esters commonly known as phthalates. DINP is imported into Australia as a raw material for local formulation or as a mixture in ready-to-use products.


Dimethyl phthalate (DMP)

CAS number(s): 131-11-3

Dimethyl phthalate (DMP) is a low molecular weight (LMW) member of a group of chemical compounds—commonly known as phthalates—used as solvents and plasticisers worldwide.


Dioxane (1,4-Dioxane)

CAS number(s): 123-91-1

1,4-dioxane is a solvent used in laboratories and in adhesive products used in celluloid film processing. It's also found as a by-product in some surfactants and emulsifiers used in consumer products: detergents, cosmetics and pharmaceutical products.

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Last update 29 July 2018