Fact sheets

NICNAS assesses the risks of industrial chemicals to human health and the environment, and makes recommendations to other government agencies that regulate the use and disposal of chemicals.

These fact sheets are for a general audience and contain information about the risks of certain chemicals for industrial use in Australia, including recommendations for safe use.

Please note, our recommendations are not always implemented by chemical regulators. For the most up-to-date information about how a particular chemical is regulated in your State or Territory you will need to contact other government agencies. Read What we do for details about our regulatory partners.


Chemical/trade name: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

The fact sheets are in alphabetical order by chemical or trade name. Click on a letter in the list or use the page links. A name that begins with a number can be found in 1,2,3...

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Click on the chemical name to read the full fact sheet.


CAS number(s): 71-43-2

Benzene is mainly used by the chemical industry in Australia and can be found in process streams at petroleum refineries and coke oven plants. Benzene is also produced during burning processes and can be found in vehicle exhaust emissions and cigarette smoke.

Butanediol (1,4-Butanediol)

CAS number(s): 110-63-4

1,4-butanediol is a colourless, viscous and almost odourless liquid. It is an industrial solvent and is intermediately used in the production of various plastics and polymers.

Butoxyethanol (2-Butoxyethanol) in cleaning products

CAS number(s): 111-76-2

2-butoxyethanol (2-BE) is used in cleaning products including surface cleaners, floor strippers, window cleaners, spot cleaners, rust removers and ink and resin removers.

Butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP)

CAS number(s): 85-68-7

Butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP), also known as 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, butyl phenylmethyl ester, is a member of the group of chemicals known as phthalates. BBP is a colourless oily liquid and may be used as a plasticiser (which makes other substances more pliable).

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Last update 29 July 2018