Fact sheets

NICNAS assesses the risks of industrial chemicals to human health and the environment, and makes recommendations to other government agencies that regulate the use and disposal of chemicals.

These fact sheets are for a general audience and contain information about the risks of certain chemicals for industrial use in Australia, including recommendations for safe use.

Please note, our recommendations are not always implemented by chemical regulators. For the most up-to-date information about how a particular chemical is regulated in your State or Territory you will need to contact other government agencies. Read What we do for details about our regulatory partners.

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Chemical/trade name: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

The fact sheets are in alphabetical order by chemical or trade name. Click on a letter in the list or use the page links. A name that begins with a number can be found in 1,2,3...

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Click on the chemical name to read the full fact sheet.


Acrylamide

CAS number(s): 79-06-1

Acrylamide is imported into Australia for use in the manufacture of other chemicals known as polyacrylamides. Polyacrylamides are used in wastewater, sewage and water treatment, in surface coatings and adhesives, textile dyeing, leather processing, paper and cardboard manufacture and in cosmetics. Smaller amounts of acrylamide are used by research laboratories.


Acrylonitrile

CAS number(s): 1424-48-2

Acrylonitrile is a liquid chemical mainly used in the manufacture of polymers.


Alkyl phosphate anti-valve seat recession additive

CAS number(s): Confidential

The alkyl phosphate additive is manufactured in and imported to Australia for use as a fuel additive. It is used for anti-valve seat recession protection in automotive engines. It is commonly blended into lead-replacement petrol (LRP) and is also available in aftermarket products that consumers add to automotive fuel.


Ammonium lauryl sulfate

CAS number(s): 2235-54-3

Ammonium lauryl sulfate (ALS) is an anionic surfactant. By lowering the surface tension of aqueous solutions, surfactants can act as wetting agents by enhancing the spread of water over surfaces.


Ammonium, potassium, sodium persulfates safety for hairdressers

CAS number(s): 7727-54-0, 7727-21-1, 7775-27-1

Ammonium persulfate, potassium persulfate, and sodium persulfate are imported for use in bleaching products used by the hairdressing industry and in home hair-lightening products.


Asbestos (chrysotile asbestos)

CAS number(s): 12001-29-5

Chrysotile is a type of asbestos used in vehicle brake pads, linings and blocks, clutch plates and in gaskets. Chrysotile is also found in insulation, cement materials, vinyl floor tiles, piping and sealants, although it is no longer used for these products.

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Last update 17 August 2017